Remember how movement is so important in transformational grammar?
Well, Unification Grammars (UGs) try to get rid of movement altogether. Look at a very simple sentence such as this:
1. I like Taro.
Well, you can “move” the complement, Taro, to the beginning of the sentence if you want.
2. Taro, I like.
You might say this to contrast with someone else. For example:
3. Taro, I like (but Ichiro, I can’t stand).
UGs suggest that this movement is just an illusion. What is really happening is that the verb’s VALENCE features are being passed up the tree somehow.
For example, maybe the information in the COMPS list is copied and the COMPS list item is deleted, something like this.
Then the information about the DELETED item is just carried up by verbs as usual in the same way that other information (like CONTENT) is carried by verbs.