Cross-Cultural Communication REPORT

  1. The Acronym W.E.I.R.D stands for

W………………………..

E………………………..

I…………………………

R………………………..

D…………………………

 

  1. Researchers claim that W.E.I.R.D people are not ……………. of people around the world.

 

  1. It is often difficult to see the context of other people’s customs because it does not seem ……………… to our experience.

 

  1. Huge numbers of ……………….. are arriving on the borders of European countries looking for safety and the possibility of normal life

 

  1. Desperate migrants are seeking refuge from …………………….., disease, or violence.

 

  1. Most of these desperate migrants come from the Middle East, Central Asia, or …………………..

 

  1. In 2002, huge numbers of people protested against the idea of going to war with ………………

 

  1. The guinea worm infects dirty ……..…… supplies and grows inside infected people’s bodies.

 

  1. The guinea worm digs its way out of the human body, usually through the skin of the …………. or ………….
  2. The chaos in Syria can be traced to military actions started by ……………. Countries, supported by Japan.

 

  1. …………………… is spread by mosquitoes and causes the death of close to one …………..……… people every year.

 

  1. To solve these problems, we need to stop ……………. wars and start helping people.

 

  1. People start wars because it is ……………………………

 

  1. Satoshi Omura has helped to treat diseases such as ………………………..

 

  1. Globalization has a ……………….. side as well as a positive one.

 

  1. The ancient ……………. Road can be thought of as a symbol of globalization.

 

  1. There is a sense in which the history of ……………… is the history of cultural exchange.

 

  1. From the European perspective, the Age of ………………… was a time when globalization became more rapid.

 

  1. The Age of ………………… began with the ………………….. voyages along the coast of Africa from the early fifteenth century.

 

  1. This was followed by the Spanish discoveries of the …………………. continent, the New World.

 

  1. From the perspective of the natives in the New World, the arrival of the European adventurers was an unimaginable …………………., bringing appalling disease and hardship.
  2. Advances in transport technology, such as locomotives and ships run by ……………………, and later the jet engine, made the world a smaller place.

 

  1. Advances in telecommunications, such as the ……………………… have revolutionized the way we think about space and time.

 

  1. In 2000, the International Monetary Fund identified four basic aspects of globalization.

Trade and transactions: movement of ………………..

Capital and investment: movement of ………………….

Migration: movement of ……………………

Dissemination of knowledge: movement of …………………….

 

  1. Look at 24. Suggest some good and bad aspects of this kind of movement.

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  1. In recent years, the idea of cross-cultural competence (3C) has become important. In your opinion, what characteristics are necessary for good cross-cultural competence?

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  1. An important early supporter of voyages overseas was …………… the Navigator, of Portugal.

 

  1. Christopher Columbus sailed to the New World of America in the year ………………..

 

  1. Columbus said that the natives of the Caribbean would be easy to ………. from.

 

  1. With regard to health, ………………. has become one of the biggest problems afflicting people in advanced countries.

 

  1. In the paintings of the Baroque artist, Peter Paul …….…….., the models appear rather overweight.

 

  1. In the seventeenth century, thinness was associated with p………………. and relative fatness was associated with p………………….

 

  1. The artist needed the support of …………… people, and they were often overweight.

 

  1. We now know that being overweight can lead to a reduced life ………………….

 

  1. Being overweight can lead to health problems such as heart disease, ……………….., and cancer.

 

  1. Now people often ……………….. to an unattainable body shape.

 

  1. Metabolic syndrome is associated with risk factors such as high blood ……………. and high cholesterol.

 

  1. The responses to the dangers of smoking …………… greatly across cultures.

 

  1. In Australia, cigarettes are much more ………………….. than in Japan.

 

  1. In Japan, government health warnings on cigarette packages are much ……………… than in countries like Australia or Brazil.
  2. Australia was the first country to ban all logos and b.………… on cigarette packets.

 

  1. People often get heart disease when their ……………… become clogged.

 

  1. According to health guidelines, Japanese women are allowed to have a bigger …………………. measurement than Japanese men or American women.

 

  1. …………………….. Chinese is spoken by about one billion people.

 

  1. Only about …………… million people speak English as native speakers.

 

  1. Although there are more native speakers of Spanish than English, the English language is extremely in………………..

 

  1. English is the global language because of the high number of ……-…………….. speakers.

 

  1. English spread as a global language because of the spread of the British ……………………

 

  1. Britain had a lot of ……………., which was an important source of energy to drive technology.

 

  1. …………………. such as Henry Morgan helped to spread British power in the Caribbean.

 

  1. About 25% of internet users are …………………. speakers, but only about 4% of the internet is in that language.

 

  1. Over ……………………. of internet content is in English.

 

  1. Only about 85% of Canadians are English speakers because ……………….. is spoken in many parts of Canada.

 

  1. The ancient ……………… language was spoken all over Britain long before the English language developed.

 

  1. In ……………, leaders like Mahatma Ghandi used the power of the English language to force the British out.

 

  1. The great German linguist and Philosopher Von Humboldt believed that language carries the ………………… of a nation.

 

  1. The idea that language influences the way we think and see the world has become known as the Sapir-Whorf H……………………..

 

  1. English is an SVO language, but about 40% of the world’s languages are ………, like Japanese.

 

  1. Japanese uses a ka particle, but English ………….. words around to make questions.

 

  1. English uses indirectness but Japanese has special verb …………………….. to express politeness.

 

  1. Languages that employ pitch to express differences in meaning are called …………….. languages.

 

  1. The South African language Xhosa is famous for using …………….. sounds in many words.

 

  1. Some Australian aboriginal languages do not have words for left and ………..

 

  1. George Lakoff has suggested that the mind and the body are ……………

 

  1. One of the biggest problems Japan is facing now is its …………….. society.

 

  1. The child population in Japan has …………….. dramatically.

 

  1. In Japan, the birth rate is decreasing and the death rate is ………………….

 

  1. Immigrants tend to be well-educated and make a big …………… to society.

 

  1. Britain has …………….. more than three million immigrants since the year 2000.

 

  1. Unfortunately, immigration is very ……………. with ordinary people.

 

  1. The National Front, a far right political movement that was popular in the 1970s, was very …………….. to immigration.

 

  1. Too many people vote for far right politicians who punish immigrants and ………… the economy.

 

  1. The first race ………….. took place in the South Wales docklands in 1919.

 

  1. France is different from multicultural Britain in that they have a policy that suggests people should give up their own culture and become like the French. This policy is called A……………………….

 

  1. The patron saint of Wales is called Saint ……………..

 

 

  1. British schools are often divided into different …………………, rather like in the Harry Potter stories.

 

  1. The two symbols of Wales are the d……………………. and the l……………..

 

  1. The British celebration of Guy Fawkes Night is originally an anti-……………………. tradition.

 

  1. Guy Fawkes Night, celebrated on November 5th, can be traced back to the …………………… Plot of 1605.

 

  1. Some researchers claim that the British Bonfire celebrations are a continuation of ancient H………….………-related customs.

 

  1. The British Bonfire Night custom is similar to the Japanese ……………….. custom.

 

  1. Intercultural communication involves more than just l………………….. skills.

 

  1. Culture Shock is characterized by distinct p…………………….

 

  1. The first stage of Culture Shock, in which everything appears exciting and wonderful, is referred to as the H………………………… stage.

 

  1. When living in a new culture, people often start to feel a……………………. after the novelty has worn off.

 

  1. After a while, people usually become a…………………. to living in a new culture.

 

 

  1. People often feel a sense of disappointment and detachment when they return home after living in a new culture. This is often referred to as R………………….. Culture Shock.

 

  1. People of different cultures e…………………….. time in different ways.

 

  1. Psychological studies suggest that Arab cultures has a less str………………. sense of time than western cultures.

 

  1. The saying “Time is money” indicates the western view of time as a com…………….

 

  1. Some cultures have a stronger sense of time as a ……………… rather than as a straight line.

 

  1. One western view is that time ……………… like an arrow.

 

  1. People who feel the pressure of time usually walk …………….. than people who do not feel pressure.

 

  1. In studies, the ……………………… tend to be the fastest walkers.

 

  1. In your opinion, why has ikebana become popular around the world?

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  1. In your opinion, why has the Japanese kawaii style become popular around the world?

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  1. Do you think Japanese people are more conformist than western people? Explain your answer.

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  1. What did the Asch and Masuda studies indicate about conformity among westerners and Japanese?

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  1. In your opinion, should Japan accept more immigrants?

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  1. Do you think you are a typical resident of Japan? Explain your answer.

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  1. Do you think people all over the world are basically the same or different?

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