Write down simple PHONOLOGICAL, SYNTACTIC, and SEMANTIC information for the following English words:
1. straight 2. throb 3. shrapnel 4. assiduously 5. serendipity
6. mellifluous 7. eternally 8. demagogue 9. establishment
10. referential 11. technicality 12. deliciously 13. frightening
14. ineffable 15. nefarious 16. somnambulist 17. epoch 18. epiphany
19. incandescence 20. denouement 21. those 22. many 23. every
24. she 25. him
Keep it simple. Choose British or American English (or any other variety. It’s up to you).
1. straight PHON: /streɪt/ SYN: adj SEM: not bent
Draw and label double-branching phrase structure diagrams to illustrate the composition of the following words and expressions:
1. folded 2. the book 3. stupid person 4. 彼を 5. automatically failed
6. saw her 7. the funny man poked the professor in the eye
8. endlessly repeated the same action 9. 食べた 10. his eloquence
11. gave her 12. tall girl 13. always have exactly the same problem
14. I don’t like her condescending attitude
15. keeps making the same mistake 16. a fluent speaker of Chinese
17. we lost 18. hit the ball out of the stadium 19. ファイルを添付します 20. 見ます
21. defenestrated the professor
22. we woke up in the middle of the night to watch the match
23. Slight problem 24. The strangest thing happened 25. Watching
Lets make up another example:
The student walked confidently up to the professor.
In the last two diagrams, we have a VP with a subject. That, of course, is a sentence! You can label it VP or Sentence. It’s up to you. It doesn’t really matter how you do it. Just make sure your diagrams are double-branching, and clearly labelled. If they make sense to you, that’s probably good enough. The important thing is to think about it seriously.